Greece entered World War II on the 28th of October 1940, when the Italian Ambassador handed Ioannis
Metaxas, the President of the Greek cabinet, an ultimatum demanding to allow the Italian forces to pass through Greece. The Greek denial placed Greece against the Axis. The Chaidari camp had just been constructed.
A small British force was stationed in it, early in 1941.
The Germans attacked Greece early in April 1941 with intense ferocity. Chaidari was also bombed. M. Ganniris’
house, director of the Dromokaiteion Psychiatry, was then destroyed. The Germans entered Athens on 27 April. The main features of the Occupation were the spending of resources and the destruction of infrastructure, economic collapse, famine and desease, property destruction, prosecutions, imprisonments, executions and terrorization. These caused an active resistance in the form of organized action. The Skoulikidis residence was the German Comandatur in Chaidari, while the locals organized public meals and money-collection activities to fight famine.