Pausanias mentions a temple of Aphrodite, located today in Aphaia Skaramanga, a neighbourhood of
Chaidari, about 1.5 km west of the Daphni Monastery. The monument was located via the many niches carved on
the Aigaleo mountain slope, also noted by the French author Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880) on Christmas 1850. The sanctuary of Aphrodite was also a basic stop of the Eleusinian procession. D. Kampouroglou, the first
excavator of the site found statuettes of Aphrodite and other gods, some reflecting the art of the school of
Pheidias. He also located traces of a stoa, an altar, living quarters for the priests and the base for the statue of
the goddess. In the 1930s, I. Traulos and K. Kourouniotis concluded the excavations.
The sanctuary has a roughly rectangular enclosure wall (71x21 m), with an entrance and propylon to the south. There was a very small, almost square temple, with a doric portico and marble roof, on the west side of the
wall. There is also a stoa and other buildings of unknown function. There are many bases of statues and votive inscriptions to Aphrodite, as well as altars and other votives, mainly clay figurines depicting the goddess, or vulvae and birds, the symbols of the goddess. It seems
that the whole area of the sanctuary, including the
niches would have been full of votive offerings, including statues, stelae, large vessels etc.
A complex to the south probably served as residence area for both priests and travellers. A rectangular guard house (25x15 m) lies south of the Sacred Way. Two
later sarcophagi testify to its funerary re-use. The exact establishment date of the sanctuary is unknown, but
it should not be earlier than the 4th century BC. The sanctuary lived until the Roman times and is today open to the public.