Pausanias started from the city gate of Dipylon, also known as Thriasian or Kerameikos Gates until the late
4th century BC, and essentially the main gate to ancient and Roman Athens. The crowd gathered in the wider Dipylon area, which featured Pompeion (end of 5th
– end of 1st c. BC), a building specially dedicated
to processions. The statue of Iakchos was at the head of the procession. He was a god associated with Demeter and Kore and had his own sanctuary east
of the Sacred Gate.
Pausanias does not mention the neighbouring Sacred Gate. Perhaps Dipylon had been the only preserved Classical gate in Roman times and even restored by the emperor Hadrian around 125 AD.